Course Catalog

Below is a list of courses offered for our high school programs. Many courses are available online through various Course Management Systems, via textbook, or a blend of instructional methods.

Custom courses are available upon request. 

History / Social Science (“a”)

American Government (a-g approved)*

Providing students with the opportunity to learn about the historical events, philosophers, and topical issues that
helped create the democratic foundations of this nation, Government is an engaging one-semester course that will
introduce high school students to the Founding Fathers and expose them to the ideas that shaped the nation. Students
will identify important political leaders and trace the development and organization of federal, state, and local
government. In addition, students will explain the political process and analyze the United States’ role as a global,
political, and economic participant. The course specifically targets the philosophies and foundations of the United
States government, the organization of the branches of government, government on a state and local level, and civil
liberties and laws. Full of timely and interesting content, this course will inspire students to be more informed
citizens and equip them to understand how the United States compares economically and politically on a global
scale.
*denotes semester long course

American History (a-g approved)

This one-year high school course presents a cohesive and comprehensive overview of the history of the United
States, surveying the major events and turning points of U.S. history as it moves from the Era of Exploration
through modern times. As students examine each era of history, they will analyze primary sources and carefully
research events to gain a clearer understanding of the factors that have shaped U.S. history. In early units, students
will assess the foundations of U.S. democracy while examining crucial documents. In later units, students will
examine the effects of territorial expansion, the Civil War, and the rise of industrialization as they assess the
outcomes of economic trends and the connections between culture and government. As the course draws to a close,
students will focus their studies on the causes of cultural and political change in the modern age. Throughout the
course, students will learn the importance of cultural diversity while examining history from different perspectives.

Geography (a-g approved)*

Examining current global issues that impact our world today, this course takes a thematic approach to understanding
the development of human systems, human understanding of the world, and human social organization. Divided into
two semesters, this high school-level course will challenge students to develop geographic skills, including learning
to interpret maps, analyze data, and compare theories. Offering interactive content that will grow students’
understanding of the development of modern civilization and human systems—from the agricultural revolution to
the technological revolution—this course encourages students to analyze economic trends as well as compare global
markets and urban environments.

World History (a-g approved)

Beginning with topics from prehistory and culminating in the events of the 21st century, World History provides
interactive course content that will challenge high school students to learn about the political, economic, and social
aspects of world history. This highly engaging, two-semester course encourages students to explore the major
revolutions and social movements that have influenced different nations and eventually spread throughout the world.
During this course, students will be exposed to a variety of pressing issues that have created opportunities for both
conflict and cooperation in the modern world.

Economics

Economics is a required course

English (“b”)

English 11 (a-g approved)

This junior-year English course invites students to delve into American literature from early American Indian voices
through contemporary works. Students will engage in literary analysis and inferential evaluation of great texts, the
centerpieces of this course. While critically reading fiction, poetry, drama, and expository nonfiction, students will
master the comprehension and literary analysis strategies that the Common Core State Standards require. Interwoven
in the lessons across two semesters are tasks that encourage students to strengthen their oral language skills and
produce creative, coherent writing. Students will read a range of short but complex texts, including works by Ralph
Waldo Emerson, Emily Dickinson, Herman Melville, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Paul Laurence Dunbar, Martin Luther
King, Jr., F. Scott Fitzgerald, Sandra Cisneros, Amy Tan, and Dave Eggers.

English 9 (a-g approved)

This freshman-year English course engages students in literary analysis and inferential evaluation of great texts both
classic and contemporary. While critically reading fiction, poetry, drama, and literary nonfiction, students will
master comprehension and literary-analysis strategies. Interwoven in the lessons across two semesters are activities
that encourage students to strengthen their oral language skills and produce clear, coherent writing. Students will
read a range of classic texts including Homer’s The Odyssey, Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet, and Richard
Connell’s “The Most Dangerous Game.” They will also study short but complex texts, including influential speeches
by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., Franklin D. Roosevelt, and Ronald Reagan. Contemporary texts by Richard Preston,
Julia Alvarez, and Maya Angelou round out the course. .

English 10 (a-g approved)

Focused on application, this sophomore English course reinforces literary analysis and twenty-first century skills
with superb pieces of literature and literary nonfiction, application e-resources, and educational interactives. Each
thematic unit focuses on specific literary analysis skills and allows students to apply them to a range of genres and
text structures. As these units meld modeling and application, they also expand on training in media literacy, twentyfirst
century career skills, and the essentials of grammar and vocabulary. Under the guidance of the eWriting
software, students also compose descriptive, persuasive, expository, literary analysis, research, narrative, and
compare-contrast essays.

English 12 (a-g approved)

This senior-level English course offers fascinating insight into British literary traditions spanning from Anglo-Saxon
writing to the Modern Period. With interactive introductions and historical contexts, this full-year course connects
philosophical, political, religious, ethical, and social influences of each time period to the works of many notable
authors, including Chaucer, William Shakespeare, Queen Elizabeth I, Elizabeth Barrett Browning, and Virginia
Woolf. Adding an extra dimension to the British literary experience, this course also exposes students to world
literature, including works from India, Europe, China, and Spain.

Mathematics (“c”)

Algebra 2 (a-g approved)

This course focuses on functions, polynomials, periodic phenomena, and collecting and analyzing data. The course
begins with a review of linear and quadratic functions to solidify a foundation for learning these new functions.
Students make connections between verbal, numeric, algebraic, and graphical representations of functions and apply
this knowledge as they create equations and inequalities that can be used to model and solve mathematical and realworld
problems. As students refine and expand their algebraic skills, they will draw analogies among the operations
and field properties of real numbers and those
of complex numbers and algebraic expressions. Mathematical practices and habits of mind are embedded throughout
the course, as students solve novel problems, reason abstractly, and think critically.

Algebra 1 (a-g approved)

This full-year course focuses on five critical areas: relationships between quantities and reasoning with equations,
linear and exponential relationships, descriptive statistics, expressions and equations, and quadratic functions and
modeling. This course builds on the foundation set in middle grades by deepening students’ understanding of linear
and exponential functions and developing fluency in writing and solving one-variable equations and inequalities.
Students will interpret, analyze, compare, and contrast functions that are represented numerically, tabularly,
graphically, and algebraically. Quantitative reasoning is a common thread throughout the course as students use
algebra to represent quantities and the relationships among those quantities in a variety of ways. Standards of
mathematical practice and process are embedded throughout the course, as students make sense of problem
situations, solve novel problems, reason abstractly, and think critically.

General Math A

This course formalizes and extends middle school mathematics, deepening students’ understanding of linear
relationships. The course begins with a review of relationships between quantities, building from unit conversion to
a study of expressions, equations, and inequalities. Students contrast linear and exponential relationships, including
a study of sequences, as well as applications such as growth and decay. Students review one-, two-, and multi-step
equations, formally reasoning about each step using properties of equality. Students extend this reasoning to systems
of linear equations. Students use descriptive statistics to analyze data before turning their attention to
transformations and the relationship between Algebra and Geometry on the coordinate plane.

Pre-Calculus (a-g approved)

With an emphasis on function families and their representations, Precalculus is a thoughtful introduction to
advanced studies leading to calculus. The course briefly reviews linear equations, inequalities, and systems and
moves purposefully into the study of functions. Students then discover the nature of graphs and deepen their
understanding of polynomial, rational, exponential, and logarithmic functions. Scaffolding rigorous content with
clear instruction, the course leads students through an advanced study of trigonometric functions, matrices, and
vectors. The course concludes with a short study of probability and statistics.

General Math B

This course begins with a brief exploration of radicals and polynomials before delving into quadratic expressions,
equations, and functions, including a derivation of the quadratic formula. Students then embark on a deep study of
the applications of probability and develop advanced reasoning skills with a study of similarity, congruence, and
proofs of mathematical theorems. Students explore right triangles with an introduction to right triangle trigonometry
before turning their attention into the geometry of circles and making informal arguments to derive formulas for the
volumes of various solids

Geometry (a-g approved)

This course formalizes what students have learned about geometry in the middle grades with a focus on reasoning
and making mathematical arguments. Mathematical reasoning is introduced with a study of triangle congruency,
including exposure to formal proofs, and geometric constructions. Then students extend what they have learned to
other essential triangle concepts, including similarity, right triangle trigonometry, and the Laws of Sines and
Cosines. Moving on to other shapes, students justify and derive various formulas for circumference, area, and
volume, as well as cross-sections of solids and rotations of two-dimensional objects. Students then make important
connections between geometry and algebra, including special triangles, slopes of parallel and perpendicular lines,
and parabolas in the coordinate plane, before delving into an in-depth investigation of the geometry of circles. The
course closes with a study of set theory and probability, as students apply theoretical and experimental probability to
make decisions informed by data analysis.

Integrated Math I

Integrated 1 is year one of a three-year high school mathematics sequence. The program is designed to use patterns, modeling, and conjectures to build student understanding and competency in mathematics. The expectation is to develop and maintain a students growth mindset and teach students how to learn math in a collaborative process where multiple methods and representations are celebrated. Students will be expected to learn through collaboration, collection of data, experimentation, and conjectures. The course aligns with the five goals of the UC mathematics requirement. The students will learn mathematical sense-making, make and test conjectures and justify conclusions, use mathematical models to represent real­-world data, be able to provide clear and concise answers, and have computational and symbolic fluency. All five of these goals are embedded in the curriculum and core pedagogical beliefs. This course can be used to supplement a face-to-face Integrated Math 1 course and is “a-g” approved.

Integrated Math II

Integrated 2 is the second year of a three year high school mathematics sequence. The program is designed to use patterns, modeling and conjectures to build student understanding and competency in mathematics. The expectation is to develop and maintain a student’s growth mindset and teach students how to learn math in a collaborative process where multiple methods and representations are celebrated. Students will be expected to learn through collaboration, collection of data, experimentation and conjectures. Technology will also play a key role in learning. This course aligns with the five goals of the UC mathematics requirement. Students will learn mathematical sense making, make and test conjectures, justify conclusions, use mathematical models to represent real-world data, be able to provide clear and concise answers, and have computational and symbolic fluency. This course can be used to supplement a face-to-face Integrated Math 2 course and is “a-g” approved.

Integrated Math III

Integrated Math III completes the three courses sequence of Integrated Mathematics course. This year-long course addresses the Common Core Standards for Integrated Math III as described in the state framework. It brings together knowledge acquired in the previous two courses and uses it as a spring board to expand into more complex territory. Students will prepare for future advanced mathetmatics courses by expanding their knowledge of functions, right triangle trigonometry, and experiences with data as they solve sophisticated problems using critical thinking skills and mathematical modeling. This course can be used to supplement a face-to-face Integrated Math 3 course and is “a-g” approved. Prerequisites: Integrated Math 1 and Integrated Math 2.

Laboratory Science (“d”)

Biology

This compelling two-semester course engages students in the study of life and living organisms and examines
biology and biochemistry in the real world. This is a yearlong course that encompasses traditional concepts in
biology and encourages exploration of new discoveries in this field of science. The components include
biochemistry, cell biology, cell processes, heredity and reproduction, the evolution of life, taxonomy, human body
systems, and ecology. This course includes both hands-on wet labs and virtual lab options. , students must attend
one in-person wet lab day per semester for a-g credit.

Chemistry

This rigorous full-year course engages students in the study of the composition, properties, changes, and interactions
of matter. The course covers the basic concepts of chemistry and includes 18 virtual laboratory experiments that
encourage higher-order thinking applications. The components of this course include chemistry and its methods, the
composition and properties of matter, changes and interactions of matter, factors affecting the interactions of matter,
electrochemistry, organic chemistry, biochemistry, nuclear chemistry, mathematical applications, and applications of
chemistry in the real world. , students must attend one in-person wet lab day per semester for a-g credit.

Earth Science

Students enrolled in this dynamic course will explore the scope of Earth sciences, covering everything from basic
structure and rock formation to the incredible and volatile forces that have shaped and changed our planet. As
climate change and energy conservation become increasingly more prevalent in the national discourse, it will be
important for students to understand the concepts and causes of our changing Earth. Earth Science is a two-semester
course that will provide a solid foundation for understanding the physical characteristics that make the planet Earth
unique and will examine how these characteristics differ among the planets of our solar system.

Environmental Science*

Environmental science is a captivating and rapidly expanding field, and this two-semester course offers compelling
lessons that cover many different aspects of the field: ecology, the biosphere, land, forests and soil, water, energy
and resources, and societies and policy. Through unique activities and material, high school students connect
scientific theory and concepts to current, real-world dilemmas, providing them with opportunities for mastery in
each of the segments throughout the semester.

Physics

This full-year course acquaints students with topics in classical and modern physics. The course emphasizes
conceptual understanding of basic physics principles, including Newtonian mechanics, energy, thermodynamics,
waves, electricity, magnetism, and nuclear and modern physics. Throughout the course, students solve mathematical
problems, reason abstractly, and learn to think critically about the physical world. The course also includes
interactive virtual labs and hands-on lab options, in which students ask questions and create hypotheses. , students
must attend one in-person wet lab day per semester for a-g credit.

Language other than English (“e”)

French 1 (a-g approved)

Students in high school begin their introduction to French with fundamental building blocks in four key areas of
foreign language study: listening comprehension, speaking, reading, and writing. Each unit consists of an ongoing
adventure story, a new vocabulary theme and grammar concept, numerous interactive games reinforcing vocabulary
and grammar, reading and listening comprehension activities, speaking and writing activities, and multimedia
cultural presentations covering major French-speaking areas in Europe and across the globe.

French 2 (a-g approved)

Students continue their introduction to French in this second-year, high school language course with review of
fundamental building blocks in four key areas of foreign language study: listening comprehension, speaking,
reading, and writing. Each unit consists of an ongoing adventure story, a new vocabulary theme and grammar
concept, numerous interactive games reinforcing vocabulary and grammar, reading and listening comprehension
activities, speaking and writing activities, cultural presentations covering major French- speaking areas across the
globe, and assessments.

French 3 (a-g approved)

In this expanding engagement with French, high school students deepen their focus on four key skills in foreign
language acquisition: listening comprehension, speaking, reading, and writing. In addition, students read significant
works of literature in French and respond orally or in writing to these works. Continuing the pattern and building on
what students encountered in the first two years, each unit consists of a new vocabulary theme and grammar
concept, numerous interactive games reinforcing vocabulary and grammar, reading and listening comprehension
activities, speaking and writing activities, and multimedia cultural presentations covering major French-speaking
areas in Europe and the Americas.

Spanish 3 (a-g approved)

In this expanding engagement with Spanish, high school students deepen their focus on four key skills in foreign
language acquisition: listening comprehension, speaking, reading, and writing. In addition, students read significant
works of literature in Spanish, and respond orally or in writing to these works. Continuing the pattern, and building
on what students encountered in the first two years, each unit consists of a new vocabulary theme and grammar
concept, numerous interactive games reinforcing vocabulary and grammar, reading and listening comprehension
activities, speaking and writing activities, and multimedia cultural presentations covering major Spanish-speaking
areas in Europe and the Americas.

Spanish 2 (a-g approved)

High school students continue their introduction to Spanish with fundamental building blocks in four key areas of
foreign language study: listening comprehension, speaking, reading, and writing. Each unit consists of an ongoing
adventure story, a new vocabulary theme and grammar concept, numerous interactive games reinforcing vocabulary
and grammar, reading and listening comprehension activities, speaking and writing activities, cultural presentations
covering major Spanish-speaking areas in Europe and the Americas, and assessments.

Spanish 1 (a-g approved)

Students begin their introduction to high school Spanish with fundamental building blocks in four key areas of
foreign language study: listening comprehension, speaking, reading, and writing. Each unit consists of an ongoing
adventure story, a new vocabulary theme and grammar concept, numerous interactive games reinforcing vocabulary
and grammar, reading and listening comprehension activities, speaking and writing activities, and multimedia
cultural presentations covering major Spanish-speaking areas in Europe and the Americas.

Latin 1

Latin 1

Latin 2

Latin 2

Japanese A/B

Japanese 1A / 1B

College-Preparatory Elective (“g”)

Economics* (a-g approved)

This course invites students to broaden their understanding of how economic concepts apply to their everyday
lives—including microeconomic and macroeconomic theory and the characteristics of mixed-market economies, the
role of government in a free- enterprise system and the global economy, and personal finance strategies. Throughout
the course, students apply critical-thinking skills while making practical economic choices. Students also master
literacy skills through rigorous reading and writing activities. Students analyze data displays and write routinely and
responsively in tasks and assignments that are based on scenarios, texts, activities, and examples. In more extensive,
process-based writing lessons, students write full-length essays in informative and argumentative formats.

Psychology (a-g approved)

This two-semester course introduces high school students to the study of psychology and helps them master
fundamental concepts in research, theory, and human behavior. Students analyze human growth, learning,
personality, and behavior from the perspective of major theories within psychology, including the biological,
psychosocial, and cognitive perspectives. From a psychological point of view, students investigate the nature of
being human as they build a comprehensive understanding of traditional psychological concepts and contemporary
perspectives in the field. Course components include an introduction to the history, perspectives, and research of
psychology; an understanding of topics such as the biological aspects of psychology, learning, and cognitive
development; the stages of human development; aspects of personality and intelligence; the classification and
treatment of psychological disorders; and psychological aspects of social interactions.

Introduction to Business (a-g approved)

In this two semester introductory course, students will learn the principles of business using real world examples—learning what it takes to plan and launch a product or service in today’s fast paced business environment. This course covers an introduction to economics, costs and profit, and different business types. Students are introduced to techniques for managing money, personally and as a business, and taxes and credit; the basics of financing a business; how a business relates to society both locally and globally; how to identify a business opportunity; and techniques for planning, executing, and marketing a business to respond to that opportunity.

Speech and Communications (a-g approved)

Beginning with an introduction that builds student understanding of the elements, principles, and characteristics of
human communication, this course offers fascinating insight into verbal and nonverbal messages and cultural and
gender differences in the areas of listening and responding. High school students enrolled in this one-semester
course will be guided through engaging lectures and interactive activities, exploring themes of self-awareness and
perception in communication. The course concludes with units on informative and persuasive speeches, and students
are given the opportunity to critique and analyze speeches in the course.

Sociology* (a-g approved)

Providing insight into the human dynamics of our diverse society, this is an engaging one-semester course that
delves into the fundamental concepts of sociology. This interactive course, designed for high school students, covers
cultural diversity and conformity, basic structures of society, individuals and socialization, stages of human
development as they relate to sociology, deviance from social norms, social stratification, racial and ethnic
interactions, gender roles, family structure, the economic and political aspects of sociology, the sociology of public
institutions, and collective human behavior, both historically and in modern times.

Other Electives

Life Skills

Life Skills

Algebra Foundations

Algebra Foundations

Career Explorations (1 year)

Using the Naviance System, students explore their interests, personalities, and goals for the future. Students study
which career options may be applicable to them, and provides resources to further explore these college/career
options. 1 year Required for graduation

Game Design

Game Design

Audio Engineering

Audio Engineering

Personal Finance

Personal Finance

Studio Arts

Studio Arts

Performing Arts

Performing Arts

3D Art & Modeling

3D Art & Modeling

Instrumental Music

Instrumental Music

Healthy Living

Healthy Living

Intro to Art*

Covering art appreciation and the beginning of art history, this course encourages students to gain an understanding
and appreciation of art in their everyday lives. Presented in an engaging format, this one-semester course provides
an overview of many introductory themes: the definition of art, the cultural purpose of art, visual elements of art,
terminology and principles of design, and two- and three-dimensional media and techniques. Tracing the history of
art, high school students enrolled in the course also explore the following time periods and places: prehistoric art, art
in ancient civilizations, and world art before 1400.

Introduction to Information Technology

This course introduces students to the essential technical and professional skills required in the field of Information
Technology (IT). Through hands-on projects and written assignments, students gain an understanding of the
operation of computers, computer networks, Internet fundamentals, programming, and computer support. Students
also learn about the social impact of technological change and the ethical issues related to technology. Throughout
the course, instructional activities emphasize safety, professionalism, accountability, and efficiency for workers
within the field of IT.

Strategies for Academic Success*

Offering a comprehensive analysis of different types of motivation, study habits, and learning styles, this one semester
course encourages high school and middle school students to take control of their learning by exploring
varying strategies for success. Providing engaging lessons that will help students identify what works best for them
individually, this one-semester course covers important study skills, such as strategies for taking high-quality notes,
memorization techniques, test-taking strategies, benefits of visual aids, and reading techniques.

Music Appreciation

Music Appreciation

Child Development

Child Development

Nutrition

Nutrition

Film Studies

Film Studies

Art Appreciation

Art Appreciation

World Geography

World Geography

Current Events

Current Events

Drawing

Drawing

Work Experience

Work Experience

Career Exploration

Career Exploration 2A/B, 3A/B all have two semesters offered

Driver Education

This course teaches students the laws and regulations of driving on the road, and prepares them for the California driving test.

Physical Education

PE 9

PE 9

PE 10-12

PE 10-12